Monday, May 25, 2020

The First Crusade - 1486 Words

Prop-Urban-Ganda The Second Known for his speeches, Hitler was a big believer in using words to change opinions. He said in one speech that â€Å"It is always more difficult to fight against faith than against knowledge.† By using faith for his benefit, he gave people something to fight for, and connected them and their faith to their â€Å"mission† by using propaganda, and speeches, and never stopped persuading people to join his movement. Another person who used faith to help accomplish a goal was Pope Urban the second, the initiator of the first Crusade. Pope Urban said that God wanted the Christians to fight for Jerusalem during the Crusades, and gave the people a reason to fight. He said to â€Å"Undertake this journey for the remission of your sins, with the assurance of the imperishable glory of the Kingdom of Heaven!†, and gave his people a chance to â€Å"redeem† themselves of their sins. Both Pope Urban and Hitler tried to pulverize the Jewish nation. The Crusades, si milar to the Holocaust, was a war against everyone different led by stubborn leaders; however, unlike the Holocaust, the Crusades were part of a religious war, led by a religious Christian leader. Hitler came from a poor background, and grew from his surroundings, becoming a huge figure in Germany. Baptized, he was born Catholic on April 20, 1889, and lived east of Munich. He lived a frugal life, and was a good student in the monastery school. He was born into a peasant family, and began life withShow MoreRelatedThe First Crusade And The Crusade1192 Words   |  5 PagesThe first crusade started in autumn of 1095. Pope Urban II initiated the first crusade by calling upon his Christians to reclaim the city of Jerusalem. The Crusade was also meant to seek revenge on the followers of Islam. The followers were accused of committing crimes against â€Å"Christendom†. Pope Urbans crusade was made possible by the work of St. Augustine on Christian Violence in the past. Many Christians joined the crusade because the Pope promised rewards for the afterlife. After the fourthRead MoreThe First Crusade And The Crusade1582 Words   |  7 Pagesdeciding the course of history in medieval Europe, one of the most influential events was the First Crusade. The events that occurred set in motion a fundamental change in European society, religion, and politics, and the ramifications have been thoroughly examined. In spite of the significant body of scholarship on this crusade, and the extensive documentation from medieval sources, many elements of the First Crusade still are debated or remain uncertain. One such aspect is the role that religion and sincereRead MoreThe First Crusade And The Crusades1974 Words   |  8 PagesAs the historian John Riley Smith points out â€Å"The First Crusade was a violent and brutal episode during which the crusaders cut out a swathe of suffering through Europe and Western Asia.† In this description of the First Crusade (1095/6- 1099) Smith makes it difficult for us to see and, or uncover any elements of pilgrimage in the crusaders actions. However, there are many different ways in which the crusades have been described, the historian Christopher Tyerman on the other hand, steers towardsRead MoreThe Crusades : The First Crusade Essay1995 Words   |  8 Pagesthe Crusades, I only come out of them with a vague understanding of the situation. So, I sought out to gain a greater understanding through the vision of the question, Was the first crusade a success, and if so, what made it a success? Using The Crusades: A Reader, specifically the writings and documents from pages 33-79, I will make a decision based on specific occurrences and their ultimate goal (CITE SOURCE WITH FULL CITATION).I plan on picking out important aspects of the first crusade andRead MoreThe First Crusade1256 Words   |  6 PagesThe First Crusade â€Æ' A mass of men, numbering roughly 100,000, marched out of Europe and toward Jerusalem and were victorious against masses of Islamic armies. In July of 1099AD, Jerusalem would fall out of the hands of the Turks for the first time in centuries, and the First Crusade would also serve to frame the make-up of nobility across Europe and help shape the middle ages altogether. The view of the Crusades, like many major events of history, are often known without being truly understoodRead MoreThe First Crusade During The Crusades1721 Words   |  7 Pageshe subject of the crusades is still a very controversial topic that spans across various time periods and has religious, social, and political implications. The first crusade started off as a widespread pilgrimage that ended as a military expedition resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem in 1099. The crusades initiated from a call from help from Alexius for the protection of Constantinople and the recovery of Anatolia. For centuries textbooks have repeated with routine regularity, that the immediateRead MoreThe First Crusades During The Crusades1771 Words   |  8 PagesBritish Literature A 29 January 2016 The First Crusades The First Crusades were military planned missions planned by Christian leaders; the proclaimed purpose was to recover Jerusalem as well as Antioch, which were in an area known as the Holy Land, from the controls of Turks. The reason why they feature so prominently in history is because they were one of the longest battles in history. All three of the Crusades lasted about 200 years. Additionally, the Crusades were a major reason for why Europe cameRead MoreThe First Crusade1362 Words   |  6 PagesThe First Crusade As the year 1000A.D. was approaching the strength of Christianity in Western Europe was growing along with its population. The newly reformed and organized Church began to gain great power. A new Europe was being born with the Catholic Church as a force in every area of life. In Christian beliefs, the savior, Jesus Christ was to return to earth and bring judgment on its people. Many clergy members along with lay people believed this would take place in the year 1000A.D. Read More The First Crusade Essay1343 Words   |  6 Pages The First Crusade nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;As the year 1000A.D. was approaching the strength of Christianity in Western Europe was growing along with its population. The newly reformed and organized Church began to gain great power. A new Europe was being born with the Catholic Church as a force in every area of life. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In Christian beliefs, the savior, Jesus Christ was to return to earth and bring judgment on its people. Many clergy members along with lay peopleRead MoreThe Rise Of The First Crusade1405 Words   |  6 PagesThe First Crusade was organized in 1096 by the decision of Pope Urban II at the request of Byzantine Emperor Alexius I with the aim of helping the Eastern Christians in the defense of Anatolia (Asia Minor) from the onset of the Seljuks. During the campaign, further objective turned out to be the liberation of the holy city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslims. Initially, the Pope`s appeal was addressed only to the French knights, but, later, the Crusade turned into a full-scale military

Thursday, May 14, 2020

How Do Cell Phones Change Society - 991 Words

How do cell phones change society? Do you realize how much you use your phone? And how phones affect your social life? Cell Phones affect society in good and bad ways. Its impossible to imagine a time when there were no phones, which was a long time ago. During 1983 the first phone was made, it took 10 hours to charge the battery. Before smartphone were invented. We even have portable chargers now. No one could imagine life without phones. Weather your checking twitter or texting a friend. Everyone likes to talk, listen and learn about new things. Todd Stark weather said â€Å"It’s up to the student whether or not they choose to spend class time listening and learning, or wasting their time on the phone.† Majority can afford phones now. Before†¦show more content†¦People are starting to meet through Internet and exchange each other’s numbers. Strangers you meet aren’t always good people. The majority of teens use their phones 24/7. People have a habit of checking their phones every 5 minutes. Teens send over 2,000 texts a month. They carry it with them everywhere they go. Cell phones are also used in bed, and placed near your pillow. Which is extremely bad for kids. It would cause problems. Even when it comes to charging phones, they’re charged in the bedroom. 80 percent of teens are able to sleep easier with their phone near them. People are getting lazier everyday. Kids aren’t doing as many sports or activities as before. Instead theyre using their phones texting. Even texting today is shortened by using initials, so not the whole word is typed. Words and grammar mistakes are corrected by auto correct. Itll make people depend on Internet to correct their mistakes. They wouldnt want to learn about grammar in English they’d just let their devices do everything for them. Instead of typing, we can talk on the phone or even the phone types for us when we talk. Using phones in public places or while eating with your family and friends is actually very rude. People receive inappropriate pictures or videos, which are even sent to kids. Theyll learn new things and pass it on to their friends to see too. Some people areShow MoreRelatedCell Phones And Its Effect On Society904 Words   |  4 PagesToday’s society is in uncharted grounds when it comes to the use of technology. Cell phones are one of the many ground breaking inventions that came out of this technological era society is in now. The technology of cell phones has come a long way since the first cell phone was made. Today they are much more than just a device to talk to someone. In 2007 the first smartphone was released which was the iPhone and in 2008 the first android was released which allowed people to have access to the internetRead MoreEffects Of Cell Phones1159 Words   |  5 PagesAre Cell Phones Destroying a Generation? The onset of cell phones has had a great impact in the modern society, and especially the millennials or the teens, and as such it has led to the destruction of a generation. It is apparent that what researchers call the iGen, people born between the year 1995 and the year 2012, depend greatly on their cell phones and their well-being majorly depends on their cell phones (Twenge 188). Researchers also prove that the iGen value their cell phones more thatRead MoreAbused Innovation In Frankenstein1267 Words   |  6 PagesAbused Innovation in Our Society â€Å"What can stop the determined heart and resolved will of man?† (Shelley 18). In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, Shelley demostrates how innovation can be advantageous. Although, when is comes to a point where we begin to exploit our innovations and advancements, we may put ourselves into threatening situations. Many years after Shelley’s novel released, we began to experience some of these complications. As the Nineteenth Century developed, great change materialized. MillionsRead MoreImpact of Cell Phones1262 Words   |  6 Pagesusage of cellular phones has become ubiquitous in our American society, illustrating the growing effects of technology on our advancing society. It is nearly impossible to imagine entering any public setting without encountering at least one person using a cell phone because this has become a part of normal, everyday life. The benefits to mobile communication are numerous; however, many would argue that the detriments are abundant as well. An impartial view of the effects of cell phone use would stillRead MoreHow Cell Phones Changed Us Socially1503 Words   |  7 PagesHow Cell Phones Changed Us Socially Having a cell phone is very convenient and helpful most of the time. They are great for emergencies, but not everyone knows of the potential negative impacts these phones have on our lives. In the past several years there have been numerous studies looking into the problems, which cell phone cause. This paper will show how the cell phone has had a dynamic impact on social interactions in today’s society. First it will show the point of having a cellular phoneRead MoreMobile Phones And The Mobile Phone987 Words   |  4 PagesIn this day and age, it is almost impossible to not have a cell phone; the number of people who own a cell phone is growing every year. â€Å"At the end of 2011, there were almost 6 billion mobile subscriptions. That is a dramatic increase from 5.4 billion in 2010 and 4.7 billion mobile subscriptions in 2009† (International Tele - communications Union, 2011). With the introduction into society the cell phone established a convenient way to communicate between individuals, and they have also connectedRead MoreNegative Effects of Cell Phones1731 Words   |  7 Pagestask easier. A cell phone is a type of technology that is a common thing to see in everyday life. The world and the people in it have gotten used to this technology. Cell phones are making the lives of an estimated two hundred sixty five million Americans (Natterson 103) and three billion worldwide (Natterson 103), easier. As useful as cell phones may be, there are negative effects in over using cell phones. Cell phone technology was first developed in the 1980’s, but cell phones became common inRead MoreThe Problem with Cell Phones in Todays Society1390 Words   |  6 Pages11 Nov. 2014 Outline Thesis: The usage of cell phones in modern day society has caused quite the problem for citizens in this generation by being a major distraction, causing addictions, and has sadly became the main resource of communication. I. Introduction: What if every cell phone in the world crashed? How would society communicate? How would one know when someone’s birthday is without getting a notification for it? Some people wouldn’t even know when to get up each morning. Thirty yearsRead MoreTechnology And Social Change : Technology935 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction to Technology and Social Change As human beings we strive to push forward to continuously make changes to our way of living. The way society and the advancement of technology it is almost impossible not to want to even keep up at the rate things progress. To further discuss this topic technology is the invention of tools and techniques. Technological change is the invention of a technology, the continuous process of improving technology throughout society. Society is the grouping of people throughRead MoreCommunication And Cell Phones In The Texas Chain Saw Massacre1019 Words   |  5 Pagestheir phones to reply to a text or check out a new instagram picture that whomever posted. Correspondingly, phones and the internet play a monumental role in our society today as how humans communicate relies solely on these devices. Comparable to our phones, our society craves horror such as in horror films and books. One specific horror film that is famous in the U.S. is The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, involving five kids tha t stumble upon an eery home. How would this movie change if the cell phones

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Psychology And The Chicano Perspective Towards Psychology

For a long time now I have been interested in the field of psychology. The way people behave and why they do certain actions has captivated my attention. As an undergraduate student, I have enjoyed the subject and have been engaged in diverse fields of psychology and studied the Chicano perspective towards psychology. I plan to continue expanding my knowledge and improve my research and counseling skills, as well as study psychology at a higher level. I have a diverse ethnic background. I was born and raised in Mexico City, a the age of thirteen, I came to the United States in search of a better life. I did not know the English language and the American culture, but as time passed, I was able to understand the basics of the language. I had a very difficult time during my first years of high school. It took me several attempts, long hours of studying, and extra help from tutors to pass the California High School Exit Exam. When my senior year concluded, I became the first in my family to graduate from high school. Although I met all the requirements for graduation, I did not have all the courses and credits that UC and CSU required for admission. After graduation, I enrolled at a local community college, but because of my legal status in this country, I was unable to get financial aid assistance. Nevertheless, my parents helped me to pay for two classes each semester. After the approval of the Deferred Action Act, I was able to get a social security number and a fullShow MoreRelatedGender and Workforce Diversity6858 Words   |  28 Pagessuch as afï ¬ rmative action argue that these measures are no longer needed given the gains of women and coupled with claims of â€Å"reverse discrimination† (see Murrell Jones, 1996, for a discussion). In fact, even some women report negative feelings toward afï ¬ rmative action programs, in large part due to the stigma often associated with the perception of being an â€Å"afï ¬ rmative action hire† (Heilman, Block Lucas, 1992). Unfort unately, critics of antidiscrimination policies such as afï ¬ rmative action often

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Being The One Who Cares A Good Teacher Essay Example For Students

Being The One Who Cares: A Good Teacher Essay Being The One Who Cares: A Good TeacherIn order to be a good teacher I feel that one needs to be open andunderstanding of different events that might take place in the classroom. Students today are not treated the same as they were during the beginning ofeducation and we have a variety of students which attend our public schools. There are girls, blacks, whites, Hispanic, and Native Americans and a number ofother different races participating in our classroom studies. This is awonderful accomplishment in our society. The variety of backgrounds which arefound in the classrooms gives our young students a better understanding ofdifferent races and nationalities. However, with growth there are alwaysproblems. Because there are students from different backgrounds, we must caterto all their needs. There may be students in our classroom with completelydifferent religious beliefs or no beliefs at all. Teachers must understand eachstudent and their personal beliefs to make their learning environmentcomfortable. Every aspect of our society has changed, we live in a morepromiscuous society. Our children are having children. We as teachers musteducate our student to the deadly effects of unprotected sex. I feel asteachers earn tenure, they are more likely to effect the students in a morepersonably manner. Having a stable and open classroom, I feel the students willlearn more and be a respected citizen in our society. In this project I willdiscuss, prayer in the classroom, AIDS and tenure. Prayer in school is a controversial issue that must be considered anddealt with as quickly as possible. All people should feel free to worship andhave loyalties to whichever religion they choose. If no religion is chosen,then the feelings of the person should be considered as will. Everyone has anopinion on this subject, but everyones opinion should not become an issue. Rather, the opinion should be offered in order to be accepted or rejected by theindividual. I feel that a time should be set aside during the day to allow formediation or introspection. This time could be used by the students forthinking, prayer, meditation or for private reflection. Therefore, those whochoose to participate can do so privately. Since it is a quiet time, no religionis stressed, so whichever seems to be more important to the student, the studenthas the option to choose. An alternative to quiet time is to rotate prayers among all religiousfaiths with equal time being provided for all groups and religions represented. The schedule may be rotated daily or weekly between such choices as Christian,Jewish, and Catholic. No shame should be placed on the students because of theirpersonal beliefs, and adults must never censure, or in any way make light of astudents belief. Also, no student should be forced into or required toparticipate; all children should be allowed to either join in, or to sit quietlyduring this time. Like most things, this can be used as a positive tool forteaching respect for others. I feel this issue should be decided by individual school systems and notmandated by the courts. However, if the school does choose to have a religiousmoment, all religions should be represented. This issue is a very private one,and no one should be judged by his or her feelings. Also, no student shouldever be made to feel less than acceptable for their personal belief. Teachersshould keep in mind that not all children share the same beliefs, therefore, ifone or more students choose not to participate in the prayer or quiet time,alternatives should be offered to them. Reading may help the others to be quietwhile those who choose to participate do so. If a child chooses not toparticipate, it should not become an issue between the student and the class orthe student and the teacher. No student should ever be held up to ridicule. .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 , .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .postImageUrl , .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 , .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6:hover , .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6:visited , .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6:active { border:0!important; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6:active , .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6 .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub438c212f15f9dabea5f02f9f0d2dfd6:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Veteran interview EssayThe teacher should try to make all of the students feel as comfortable aspossible whether they participate or not. If the subject is handled properly, this may help contributed to abetter understanding of the difference among people. By teaching students thatpeople are different at an early age, it may alleviate some the hostilitiesbetween them as adults. Also, this will teach students tolerance to views thatare different than their own. Students learn from what they see, if they seeand share prayer with their

Friday, April 10, 2020

Battle of Flamborough Head in the American Revolution

Battle of Flamborough Head in the American Revolution The Battle of Flamborough Head was fought September 23, 1779, between Bonhomme Richard and HMS Serapis and was part of the American Revolution (1775-1783). Sailing from France in August 1779 with a small squadron, noted American naval commander Commodore John Paul Jones sought to circle the British Isles with the goal of wreaking havoc on British merchant shipping. In late September, Jones ships encountered a British convoy in the vicinity of Flamborough Head off the east coast of England. Attacking, the Americans succeeded in capturing two British warships, the frigate HMS Serapis (44 guns) and the sloop-of-war HMS Countess of Scarborough (22), after a protracted and bitter fight. Though the battle ultimately cost Jones his flagship, Bonhomme Richard (42), the victory cemented his place as one of the preeminent American naval commanders of the war and greatly embarrassed the Royal Navy. John Paul Jones A native of Scotland, John Paul Jones served a merchant captain in the years before the American Revolution. Accepting a commission in the Continental Navy in 1775, he was appointed as first lieutenant aboard USS Alfred (30).  Serving in this role during the expedition to New Providence (Nassau) in March 1776, he later assumed command of the sloop USS Providence (12). Proving an able commerce raider, Jones received command of the new sloop-of-war USS Ranger (18) in 1777.  Directed to sail for European waters, he had orders to assist the American cause in any way possible. Arriving in France, Jones elected to raid British waters in 1778 and embarked on campaign that saw the capture of several merchant vessels, an attack on the port of Whitehaven, and the capture of the sloop-of-war HMS Drake (14). Returning to France, Jones was celebrated as as hero for his capture of the British warship. Promised a new, larger ship, Jones soon encountered problems with the American commissioners as well as the French admiralty. A New Ship On February 4, 1779, he received a converted East Indiaman named Duc de Duras from the French government.  Though less than ideal, Jones commenced adapting the vessel into a 42-gun warship which he dubbed Bonhomme Richard in honor of American Minister to France Benjamin Franklins Poor Richards Almanac. On August 14, 1779, Jones departed Lorient, France with a small squadron of American and French warships. Flying his commodores pennant from Bonhomme Richard, he intended to circle the British Isles in a clockwise fashion with the goal of attacking British commerce and diverting attention from French operations in the Channel. Commodore John Paul Jones. Hulton Archive / Stringer/ Hulton Archive/ Getty Images A Troubled Cruise During the early days of the cruise, the squadron captured several merchantmen, but issues arose with Captain Pierre Landais, commander of Jones second largest ship, the 36-gun frigate Alliance. A Frenchman, Landais had traveled to America hoping to be a naval version of the Marquis de Lafayette. He was rewarded with a captains commission in the Continental Navy, but now resented serving under Jones. Following an argument on August 24, Landais announced he would no longer follow orders. As a result, Alliance frequently departed and returned to the squadron at its commanders whim. After an absence of two weeks, Landais rejoined Jones near Flamborough Head at dawn on September 23. The return of Alliance raised Jones strength to four ships as he also had the frigate Pallas (32) and the small brigantine Vengeance (12). Fleets Commanders Americans French Commodore John Paul JonesCaptain Pierre LandaisBonhomme Richard (42 guns), Alliance (36), Pallas (32), Vengeance (12) Royal Navy Captain Richard PearsonHMS Serapis (44), HMS Countess of Scarborough (22) The Squadrons Approach Around 3:00 PM, lookouts reported sighting a large group of ships to the north. Based on intelligence reports, Jones correctly believed this to be a large convoy of over 40 ships returning from the Baltic guarded by the frigate HMS Serapis (44) and the sloop-of-war HMS Countess of Scarborough (22). Piling on sail, Jones ships turned to chase.  Spotting the threat to the south, Captain Richard Pearson of Serapis, ordered the convoy to make for the safety of Scarborough and placed his vessel in a position to block the approaching Americans.  After  Countess of Scarborough had successfully guided the convoy some distance away, Pearson recalled his consort and maintained his position between the convoy and approaching enemy.  Ã‚   First Shots Due to light winds, Jones squadron did not near the enemy until after 6:00 PM.  Though Jones had ordered his ships to form a line of battle, Landais veered Alliance from the formation and pulled Countess of Scarborough away from Serapis.  Around 7:00 PM, Bonhomme Richard rounded Serapis port quarter and after an exchange of questions with Pearson, Jones opened fire with his starboard guns. This was followed by Landais attacking  Countess of Scarborough.  This engagement proved brief as the French captain quickly disengaged from the smaller ship.  This allowed  Countess of Scarboroughs commander, Captain Thomas Piercy, to move to Serapis aid.   A Bold Maneuver Alert to this danger, Captain Denis Cottineau of Pallas intercepted Piercy allowing  Bonhomme Richard to continue engaging Serapis. Alliance did not enter the fray and remained apart from the action. Aboard Bonhomme Richard, the situation quickly deteriorated when two of the ships heavy 18-pdr guns burst in the opening salvo. In addition to damaging the ship and killing many of the guns crew, this led to the other 18-pdrs being taken out of service for fear that they were unsafe. Using its greater maneuverability and heavier guns, Serapis raked and pounded Jones ship. With Bonhomme Richard becoming increasingly unresponsive to its helm, Jones realized his only hope was to board Serapis. Maneuvering closer to the British ship, he found his moment when Serapis jib-boom became entangled the rigging of Bonhomme Richards mizzen mast. As the two ships came together, the crew of Bonhomme Richard quickly bound the vessels together with grappling hooks. The Tide Turns They were further secured when Serapis spare anchor became caught on American ships stern. The ships continued firing into each other as both sides marines sniped at opposing crew and officers. An American attempt to board Serapis was repulsed, as was a British attempt to take Bonhomme Richard. After two hours of fighting, Alliance appeared on the scene. Believing the frigates arrival would turn the tide, Jones was shocked when Landais began indiscriminately firing into both ships. Aloft, Midshipman Nathaniel Fanning and his party in the main fighting top succeeded in eliminating their counterparts on Serapis. Moving along the two ships yardarms, Fanning and his men were able to cross over to Serapis. From their new position aboard the British ship, they were able to drive Serapis crew from their stations using hand grenades and musket fire. With his men falling back, Pearson was forced to finally surrender his ship to Jones. Across the water, Pallas succeeded in taking Countess of Scarborough after a prolonged fight. During the battle, Jones was famously reputed to have exclaimed I have not yet begun to fight! in response to Pearsons demand that he surrender his ship. Aftermath Impact Following the battle, Jones re-concentrated his squadron and began efforts to save the badly damaged Bonhomme Richard. By September 25, it was clear that the flagship could not be saved and Jones transferred to Serapis. After several days of repairs, the newly taken prize was able to get underway and Jones sailed for Texel Roads in the Netherlands. Evading the British, his squadron arrived on October 3. Landais was relieved of his command shortly thereafter. One of the greatest prizes taken by the Continental Navy, Serapis was soon transferred to the French for political reasons. The battle proved a major embarrassment for the Royal Navy and cemented Jones place in American naval history.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Pre Customary Law 1788 essays

Pre Customary Law 1788 essays The making of a nation is a slow and painful process. It needs a people who identify with each other and with the land they inhabit. Australia began that process on 26 January 1788. This essay will attempt to describe the Pre-European Customary law which existed in Australia in 1788. When the first fleet arrived in Botany Bay in 1788, It brought with it all the laws of England. English laws were seen as being every Englishmans birthright. The coming of English laws was to have disastrous consequences for the original inhabitants of this continent, the Aborigines. Aboriginal land rites have received limited recognition. Today, great debate continues in our society on righting the wrongs that have been done to the Aborigines since the European invasion. What we know of Aboriginal society is somewhat speculative. Most of our information comes from Europeans who observed it in a process of change. In 1788 there were approximately 300,000 Aborigines living when the Europeans arrived.. It has been estimated that there were as many as 500 tribes of varying size, each with their own distinct territory, history, dialect and culture (Broome, 1982, p11). In Aboriginal Australia, people and land were united, a spiritual link existed by virtue of birth or conception. The maintenance of body and soul relied on access to the land, food and water was necessary for physical survival but the land was so much more than just a mercantile resource. To remove or take away a tribes ancestry territory was to take and destroy both past and future because the spiritual connection could not be transferred to another area. The Aboriginal people were bound spiritually to a particular locality; this locality was their home or dreaming place. Dreaming or Dreamtime stories can be defined as the Aborigines religion, it was reinforcement of the Abo ...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Hazard and vunarability analysis SLP 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Hazard and vunarability analysis SLP 2 - Essay Example per event       809.6    3164.9    56250          Total 55 2 4345 1 24319.1 2 3207790.4 1 1.5 Epidemic Bacterial Infectious Diseases 2    1    534    -          ave. per event       0.5    267    -          Viral Infectious Diseases 1    -    2000000    -          ave. per event       -    2000000    -          Total 3 4 0.5 4 2000267 1 _ 4 3.25 Extreme temperature Heat wave 3    138    18300    -          ave. per event       46    6100    -          Total 3 4 46 3 6100 3 _ 4 2.5 Flood Unspecified 31    12814    7015269    268300          ave. per event       413.4    226299    8654.8          Flash flood 1    21    25807    1950000          ave. per event       21    25807    1950000          General flood 12    197    99266    1814000          ave. per event       16.4    8272.2    151166.7          Storm surge/co astal flood 2    34    384143    7440000          ave. per event       17    192072    3720000          total 46 2 467.8 2 452450 2 5829821.5 1 1.75 Mass movement wet Avalanche 1 4 13    -    -          ave. per event       13    -    -          Landslide 20    989    25706    210000          ave. per event       49.5    1285.3    10500          total 21 3 62.5 3 1285.3 3 10500 2 2.75 Storm Unspecified 24    1890    192814    453500          ave. per event       78.8    8033.9    18895.8          Local storm 6    27    100499    363000          ave.